The incidence of Alopecia, or hair loss, has rapidly increased in the 21st century, whether that be alopecia areata, diffuse alopecia, androgenetic alopecia or cicatricial alopecia or their types. The reason behind is not understood well, some of the researchers believe that the diseases hair loss are associated with changes in ecosystem, pollution of air and environment, others believe that bad habits and uncontrolled diet play a huge role, for some – endocrine disorders. Worth mentioning the stress and its various types, that is still considered one of the huge factors contributing to the disease. Scientists for all around the world are trying to study the genetic involvement and identify the genes responsible for or contributing to the hair loss.
Hair loss disorders are a huge part of modern day Dermatology. Statistically, more than 8% of patients visit Dermatological and Cosmetic clinics due to problems associated with hair loss. The actual number might be higher, however a huge number of patients consider hair loss to be normal and don’t seek medical attention.
The field of medicine studying the hair loss problems and scalp disorders is called Trichology. It is one of the recently established sub-field of Dermatology.
The experts believe that Trichology is one of the most rapidly growing fields of medicine and imply that changes of the skin appendage structure can be considered as a marker of different physiological and pathological processes. According to the recent data, various types of endocrine, metabolic, immune and psychiatric disorders can be the reason behind the changes of hair density, structure and color. These changes can be attributed to more than 300 genetic disorders, assessment of which is crucial for diagnosing many genetic and pediatric dermatology diseases.
Trichology was founded in 1902 in London and in 1989 European Hair Research Society (EHRS) was established. It is an independent, non-profit, non-commercial organization unifying the leading experts from all around the world. The members of EHRS are the ones that introduced the world to the guidelines and protocols, that are the mainstay of treating the hair loss problems. Such members include Jerry Shapiro (USA), Rolf Hoffmann (Germany), Rodney Sinclair (Australia), Abraham Zlotogorski (Israel), Desmond Tobin (UK), Lidia Rudnicka (Poland) and many others. The meetings of EHRS are one of the most important events of the year in Trichology.
In 2013, Georgian Hair Research Society (GHRS) was founded. It operates according to Georgian laws and regulations and is aiming to:
- Unify and coordinate the doctors and scientists in this and/or other fields of medicine, activities of which are in synch with the aims of the association;
- Establishing of the international standards for diagnosing, treating and preventing hair loss related problems;
- Assisting expert and newcomer trichologists in increasing professional expertise with special training and sharing information of the latest updates in this field.
- Exchange of scientific and research data with the international organisations of the same profile;
- Contributing to the foundation of governmental trichological programs, by providing and exchanging necessary data with the ministry of health, public health and other governmental and non-governmental authorities.
- Holding scientific and practical conferences, seminars, exhibitions and other types of meetings for trichologists, often including the experts from other fields of healthcare as well, in order to exchange and distribute the information and data about the topics of interest;
- Establishing the programs for international scientific grants;
- Organizing and contributing to international congresses and scientific researches of fundamental and practical significance;
- Actively include the young specialists in processing and analysing the scientific data for the various topics of the field. The processed data to be introduced to the scientific congresses in order to give recommendations for the scientific degree;
- Contributing to refining the medical literature of the field, in order it to be introduced to the institutions of higher education;
- Contributing to post-graduate and continuous medical education of the trichologists;
- Contributing to license and accreditation of the healthcare facilities of trichologic profile;
- Establishing a work relationship with medication producing organisations;
- Providing consultations and charity to the low-income families with hair loss problems;
- Providing the necessary information to the general populace in order to raise awareness of the disorders of hair loss;
- Establishing a working relationship with the experts of the related fields of medicine, in order to diagnose and manage the patients with related endocrine, neurological and other organ system disorders;
- Define the newest and specific diagnostic options, in order to facilitate the treatment of the disorders associated with this field;
- Defending the interests of the association members,
- Publishing the scientific articles, books, magazines, journals related to the field and its latest achievements.